“Owls Head is characterized by repeating bedrock ridges that support a coastal barrens ecosystem. A globally rare heathland plant community occurs on the crests of the ridges and biodiverse bog wetlands predominate in the depressions between the ridges. This landscape pattern on the coast is only otherwise known from Blue Rocks, Lunenburg County, amidst residential developments with no conservation protection.”– Biologists Caitlin Porter & Dr. Jeremy Lundholm
The following is an excerpt from the Nova Scotia Wetland Conservation Policy.
Ecosystem Services and Functions Performed by Wetlands
Wetlands provide or support a wide range of important ecological, social and economic functions and services in our watersheds that are beneficial to Nova Scotians. Individual wetlands will typically only provide a subset of these functions and services. These include, but are not limited to:
- Maintaining watershed health by moderating flood waters, slowing runoff rates and minimizing erosion and sedimentation of adjacent lakes and streams
- Protecting human and ecosystem health by removing organic waste and bacteria and filtering excess nutrients (e.g., nitrogen and phosphorous), contaminants and silt from surface and ground water
- Buffering the impact of storm water runoff and maintaining natural drainage regimes
- Storing and sequestering carbon from the atmosphere, potentially moderating climate effects
- Protecting coastlines and coastal infrastructure from storm surges
- Contributing to the water balance and drinking water supply by storing and releasing surface water and recharging groundwater reservoirs
- Conserving biodiversity by providing important habitats for fish, wildlife and plants, often for rare or endangered species, such as our globally significant coastal plain flora
- Producing abundant and diverse plant communities that may be released, after decomposing, as essential nutrients to support fisheries and food webs in nearby rivers, estuaries and coastal waters
- Offering opportunities for recreational, scientific, aesthetic, spiritual and cultural pursuits
- Supporting natural food (e.g., wild rice, cranberries) and peat production
- Supporting medicinal and ceremonial plants important to the Mi’kmaq of Nova Scotia
Click to enlarge these photos of wetland plants by Eastern Shore resident Susan Vickery.